Floaters and flashes in the eyes are a common phenomenon that affects millions of people around the world. Despite being a natural part of the aging process or temporary symptoms of an eye infection or injury, these visual disturbances can cause anxiety and worry among those affected. Fortunately, understanding the causes and treatment options can help ease concerns and protect your vision.
What are floaters?
Floaters are small specks, dots, or squiggles that seem to drift across your field of vision. They usually appear in bright light, such as when looking at a clear blue sky, and are more noticeable when looking at a plain background. Floaters are caused when the vitreous, a gel-like substance that fills the eye, begins to shrink and pull away from the retina, which is the light-sensitive membrane at the back of the eye.
As the vitreous pulls away from the retina, it can cause tiny fibers or clumps of cells to become visible, creating the appearance of floaters. While they are usually harmless, floaters can be a sign of more serious conditions, such as retinal detachment or bleeding in the eye, which require immediate medical attention.
What are flashes?
Flashes are brief flashes of light that appear as lightning bolts or bright spots in the visual field. They may be accompanied by floaters or occur on their own and usually last for a few seconds. Flashes are caused by the vitreous pulling on the retina, which can stimulate the retina’s photoreceptor cells and trigger a visual response.
While flashes are often harmless and resolve on their own, they can be a sign of more severe eye problems such as posterior vitreous detachment or retinal tears, which require prompt medical attention.
When to see a doctor?
If you suddenly notice new floaters or flashes in your vision, or you notice a sudden increase in the number or size of floaters, it’s essential to see an eye doctor immediately. Dr. Dolan from 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI, can perform a comprehensive eye exam to diagnose the underlying cause of your symptoms and develop an appropriate treatment plan.
In rare cases, floaters and flashes can be a sign of a retinal detachment or tear, which can lead to blindness without prompt treatment. Therefore, it’s crucial not to ignore or delay seeking treatment for these symptoms.
In most cases, floaters and flashes are harmless and resolve on their own over time. However, if they interfere with your vision or cause significant anxiety, Dr. Dolan may recommend the following treatment options:
– Observation: If your symptoms are mild and not affecting your daily life, Dr. Dolan may recommend monitoring your condition to see if they improve or worsen over time.
– Surgery: In severe cases where floaters and flashes are caused by a vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, or a torn retina, surgery may be necessary to repair these issues and restore your vision.
In conclusion, floaters and flashes are a natural part of the aging process, and in most cases, they are harmless. However, if you experience sudden or severe symptoms, it’s important to see an eye doctor immediately to rule out serious underlying conditions. To schedule an appointment with Dr. Dolan from 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI, call 248 375 0040 today.