Keratitis: Understanding the Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

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Keratitis: Understanding the Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Keratitis is a condition that occurs when the cornea, which is the clear dome on the front of the eye, becomes inflamed. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including infection, trauma, allergies, and certain medical conditions. If left untreated, keratitis can lead to vision loss or even permanent blindness. Therefore, it is important to know the causes, symptoms and treatment options for this condition.


Keratitis can be caused by various factors. One of the most common causes is infection by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. These organisms can enter the eye through a scratch or other injury to the cornea. People who wear contact lenses are also at a higher risk of developing keratitis, especially if they don’t clean their lenses properly or wear them for too long.

Other causes of keratitis can include injury to the eye, exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds, certain medical conditions like dry eye syndrome, and allergies. People who have weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or diabetes, are also more likely to develop keratitis.


The symptoms of keratitis can vary depending on the cause and severity of the condition. Common symptoms include:

– Eye pain and redness
– Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
– Blurred vision
– Excessive tearing
– Feeling like there is something in your eye
– Reduced vision
– Eye discharge

Treatment Options

Keratitis requires prompt treatment to prevent further damage to the cornea and preserve vision. The treatment options depend on the underlying cause of the condition.

If the cause of keratitis is bacterial or fungal infection, antibiotics or antifungal medication may be prescribed. If it is viral, antiviral medication may be recommended. In some cases, antiviral eye drops and steroid eye drops may be used together to reduce inflammation and prevent scarring.

Other treatments may include using artificial tears, taking pain medication, and wearing an eye patch to protect the cornea while it heals. In severe cases, surgery may be needed to remove damaged tissue from the cornea.

It is important to see an eye doctor if you experience any symptoms of keratitis or have any concerns about your eye health. An experienced optometrist like Dr. Dolan from 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI can help diagnose and treat keratitis and other eye conditions. Call 248 375 0040 to schedule an appointment today.

In conclusion, keratitis is a serious eye condition that can lead to vision loss if left untreated. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options can help you take the necessary steps to protect your eye health. If you experience any symptoms of keratitis, don’t hesitate to seek professional help from Dr. Dolan at 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI.

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