Understanding Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Comprehensive Guide
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a progressive eye disease that affects the macula, the central part of the retina, which is responsible for sharp, detailed vision. AMD is the leading cause of blindness in adults over the age of 60 in the United States.
Understanding AMD is crucial for everyone, especially those who are at risk for the condition. If you or someone you know has or is at risk for AMD, it is essential to seek help from a trusted eye care professional, such as Dr. Dolan from 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI.
AMD comes in two types: dry and wet. Dry AMD is the most common and less severe form. It involves the gradual breakdown of the macula and the accumulation of yellowish deposits called drusen, which can cause a blurry or dim vision. Wet AMD is more severe and occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow under the macula, causing bleeding and scarring, leading to a loss of vision.
There is no cure for AMD. However, early detection and management of the disease can slow the progression and preserve vision. If you experience any of the following symptoms, seek medical attention immediately:
• Blurred, distorted or reduced central vision
• Difficulty reading or performing tasks that require sharp vision
• Seeing dark or empty areas in your visual field
• Color perception changes
To diagnose AMD, Dr. Dolan will perform a comprehensive eye exam, including a visual acuity test, dilated eye exam, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging, which uses light waves to produce detailed images of the retina.
Dr. Dolan may recommend lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet rich in vitamins, antioxidants and minerals, and regular exercise. He might also prescribe medications, vitamins and supplements to slow the progression of the disease, depending on the stage and type of AMD.
In severe cases of wet AMD, Dr. Dolan may recommend intraocular injections, which involve injecting a medication directly into the eye to stop the growth of abnormal blood vessels.
In conclusion, understanding AMD is essential for everyone, especially those over the age of 60, and those with risk factors such as family history, smoking, obesity or high blood pressure. Seeking help from a trusted eye care professional like Dr. Dolan from 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI, is crucial for early detection, management and preservation of vision. Call 248-375-0040 to schedule your appointment today.
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