Understanding Diabetic Retinopathy: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

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Diabetic Retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects the eyes. The disease damages the blood vessels in the retina, leading to vision loss over time. It is a progressive condition and can cause blindness in severe cases. It is essential to understand the causes, symptoms, and treatment of diabetic retinopathy to manage the disease effectively.

Causes:

The high blood sugar levels in people with diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the retina. The damaged blood vessels can leak blood and other fluids, leading to impaired vision. Over time, new blood vessels may grow on the surface of the retina, which can also cause vision problems. Diabetic retinopathy is common in people who have had diabetes for a long time.

Symptoms:

At the early stages, diabetic retinopathy may not cause any symptoms. However, as the disease progresses, the individual may experience:

– Blurred vision
– Shadowy or missing areas of vision
– Difficulty seeing at night
– Changes in color perception
– Fluctuations in vision

If a person with diabetes is experiencing any of these symptoms, they should schedule an appointment with an eye doctor, such as Dr. Dolan from 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI.

Treatment:

Prevention is key to managing diabetic retinopathy. Controlling blood sugar levels and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help prevent diabetic retinopathy from developing. If someone has already been diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy, treatment options include:

– Laser surgery: This procedure can help reduce swelling and prevent the progression of new blood vessels.
– Vitrectomy: In severe cases of diabetic retinopathy, excess blood and scar tissue can accumulate in the eye, leading to vision loss. Vitrectomy surgery can remove the tissue and improve vision.
– Eye injections: Anti-inflammatory drugs or steroids can be injected into the eye to reduce inflammation and improve vision.

Dr. Dolan from 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI, is an experienced ophthalmologist who specializes in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy. He uses the latest technology and treatments to help his patients manage the disease and maintain their vision.

If you or a loved one has diabetes, it’s essential to schedule regular eye exams to prevent or treat diabetic retinopathy. Contact Dr. Dolan at 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI, at 248-375-0040 to schedule an appointment today.

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