Understanding Glaucoma: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

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Glaucoma is a common eye disease that can cause permanent vision loss, and it is important to understand its causes, symptoms, and treatment options. In this article, we will delve deeper into this topic to help you gain a better understanding of this condition.

Causes of Glaucoma

Glaucoma occurs when there is increased pressure in the eye due to a buildup of fluid. The pressure damages the optic nerve, which connects the eye to the brain, and can cause irreversible vision loss over time. The exact cause of glaucoma is unknown, but it is more common in individuals with a family history of the condition, those over the age of 60 and those with diabetes, high blood pressure or nearsightedness.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

In the early stages, glaucoma often has no symptoms, making it difficult to detect. However, as the disease progresses, symptoms may include:

– Blurred vision
– Loss of peripheral vision
– Halos around lights
– Eye pain
– Nausea or vomiting

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see an eye doctor immediately.

Treatment Options for Glaucoma

There are several treatment options available for glaucoma, including:

– Eye drops – these can help to reduce the pressure in the eye and slow down the progression of the disease.
– Laser therapy – this is used to reduce eye pressure by opening up blocked drainage canals in the eye.
– Surgery – in some cases, surgery may be recommended to lower eye pressure and prevent further damage to the optic nerve.


If you have been diagnosed with glaucoma or are experiencing symptoms of this condition, it is important to seek medical attention from an eye doctor as soon as possible. At 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills MI, Dr. Dolan provides exceptional eye care services, including the diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma. To schedule an appointment, call 248-375-0040 today.

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