Understanding Hyperopia: A Comprehensive Guide

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Understanding Hyperopia: A Comprehensive Guide

Hyperopia, also known as farsightedness, is a refractive error that affects millions of people worldwide. Unlike myopia, or nearsightedness, where objects up close appear blurry, those with hyperopia have trouble seeing objects up close, but typically have good distance vision. This condition can affect people of all ages, and if left untreated, can cause a range of vision problems. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore hyperopia, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

What is Hyperopia?

Hyperopia occurs when the eyeball is shorter than normal or has an oddly shaped cornea. This makes light that enters the eye focus behind the retina, instead of directly on it. As a result, objects up close appear blurry, while objects in the distance may still appear clear. People with this condition may have difficulty seeing small print, such as when reading a book, while street signs and distant objects may still be clear.

Symptoms of Hyperopia

The following are some common symptoms of hyperopia:

– Blurry vision when looking at objects up close, such as reading a book or looking at a phone screen.
– Difficulty focusing on near objects for extended periods of time.
– Fatigue or eyestrain when doing close work.
– Headaches after reading, doing close work, or strain the eyes for extended periods of time.
– Difficulty seeing in low lighting conditions.

In some cases, children may not show any symptoms of hyperopia, but over time may develop problems with vision and visual processing. This can affect school performance and overall quality of life.

What Causes Hyperopia?

Hyperopia is often caused by genetics, meaning that it can be passed down from one or both parents. It can also be caused by a variety of other factors, including:

– An unusually short eyeball.
– A cornea that is not as sharply curved as it should be.
– Age-related changes in the lens of the eye.

Treatment Options for Hyperopia

There are several treatment options available for hyperopia, depending on the severity of the condition. These include:

– Prescription glasses or contact lenses to correct the refractive error. These lenses are designed to bend the light entering the eye and focus it directly on the retina.
– Refractive surgery, which changes the shape of the cornea or the curvature of the lens to improve vision.
– Orthokeratology, a non-surgical alternative to refractive surgery where special contact lenses are worn overnight to reshape the cornea.

If you suspect that you or a loved one may be experiencing the symptoms of hyperopia, it is important to schedule an eye exam with a qualified optometrist. They can diagnose the condition and recommend the best course of treatment for your individual needs.

Visit Dr. Dolan at 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI

At 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI, Dr. Dolan and his team are dedicated to providing the highest quality eye care services to patients of all ages. With a focus on preventative eye care, they offer comprehensive eye exams, prescription glasses, contact lenses, and even orthokeratology treatment options. If you are experiencing vision problems, call 248 375 0040 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Dolan today.

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