Understanding Keratitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options
Keratitis is a condition that causes inflammation of the cornea, the clear tissue that covers the front of the eye. It can be caused by a variety of factors and can result in symptoms ranging from mild irritation to vision loss.
Causes of Keratitis:
Keratitis can be caused by a number of factors, including:
1. Bacterial or fungal infection
2. Viral infection (such as herpes simplex virus)
3. Contact lens wear
4. Injury to the cornea
5. Exposure to ultraviolet light
6. Dry eyes
7. Autoimmune disorders
Symptoms of Keratitis:
The symptoms of keratitis can vary depending on the cause and severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:
1. Eye redness
2. Eye pain or discomfort
3. Sensitivity to light
4. Blurred vision
5. Excessive tearing or discharge from the eye
6. Foreign body sensation in the eye
7. Eye irritation or itching
8. Decreased vision
Treatment Options for Keratitis:
Treatment for keratitis depends on the cause and severity of the condition. In cases of bacterial or fungal infection, antibiotics or antifungal medications may be prescribed. Anti-inflammatory medications may also be used to reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms.
For viral keratitis, antiviral medications may be prescribed. Treatment may also include supportive care such as the use of lubricating eye drops or ointments to reduce discomfort.
In cases where keratitis is caused by contact lens wear, it is important to follow proper hygiene and cleaning practices to avoid infection. In some cases, contact lens wear may need to be discontinued temporarily or permanently.
To reduce the risk of developing keratitis, it is important to practice good hygiene and avoid unnecessary contact with the eyes. This includes thoroughly washing hands before touching the eye area and avoiding sharing personal eye care items.
It is also important to protect the eyes from exposure to ultraviolet light by wearing sunglasses or other protective eyewear when outdoors.
Keratitis can be a painful and potentially serious condition. If you are experiencing symptoms of keratitis, it is important to seek prompt medical attention. Dr. Dolan at 2020 Vision can provide the necessary diagnosis and treatment options. Give them a call at 248 375 0040 for your eye care needs.
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