Understanding Refractive Errors: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Understanding Refractive Errors: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
When it comes to vision problems, refractive errors are among the most common. According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, around 150 million people in the United States have a refractive error. So, what exactly are refractive errors, and what causes them? Here’s everything you need to know.
What are Refractive Errors?
Refractive errors occur when the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing properly on the retina, causing blurred vision. The four main types of refractive errors are:
1. Myopia (near-sightedness): People with myopia have trouble seeing distant objects clearly.
2. Hyperopia (far-sightedness): People with hyperopia have trouble seeing objects up close.
3. Astigmatism: People with astigmatism have distorted or blurry vision at all distances.
4. Presbyopia: People with presbyopia experience a decline in their ability to focus on close objects as they age.
Causes of Refractive Errors
Refractive errors can be caused by several factors, including genetics, environmental factors, and eye injuries. Additionally, certain medical conditions such as diabetes and glaucoma can lead to refractive errors.
Symptoms of Refractive Errors
The most common symptom of refractive errors is blurry vision, but other symptoms include:
– Eye strain
– Difficulty seeing at night
– Double vision
Treatment Options for Refractive Errors
The good news is that refractive errors can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. Eyeglasses and contact lenses work by bending the light that enters the eye so that it focuses correctly on the retina. Refractive surgery, such as LASIK or PRK, reshapes the cornea to improve vision.
Dr. Dolan from 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI, is an experienced eye doctor who can diagnose and treat refractive errors. Dr. Dolan and his team offer a range of vision services, from comprehensive eye exams to refractive surgery. If you’re experiencing symptoms of a refractive error or are due for a routine eye exam, call 248-375-0040 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Dolan today.
In conclusion, refractive errors are a common vision problem that can be effectively treated with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. If you’re experiencing symptoms of a refractive error or are due for a routine eye exam, don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with an experienced eye doctor like Dr. Dolan who can help you see more clearly.
Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Call 248-375-0040 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Dolan at 2020 Vision in Rochester Hills, MI for proper diagnosis and treatment for your eye-related issues.
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